All about Scales

Hell - o

Today, some theory. I believe that for the majority of people the greatest mystery in modelling are miniature scales. Generally, the whole thing is quite easy, but how to find any sense in this when the ‘miniaturists’ use millimeters and the ‘reductionists’ use 1:xx for scaling. Based on my own experience I’ll try to straighten this out.

Miniaturists Reductionists Characteristics
178mm 1:9 Large scales, never used in tabletop gaming. Most of the time these are collectors' items for painting or already painted models ready for display.
120mm 1:13
100mm 1:16
90mm 1:18
80mm 1:20
54mm 1:30 Traditional "toy soldier" scale, no longer a common scale in miniature wargaming. However, it has been making a comeback in recent years. This scale is most popular for collectors to display (non-wargaming) models.
50mm 1:32 "I" type trains scale, also used in reductive modelling.
46mm 1:35 The most popular scale in reductive modelling for vehicles and sometimes aeroplanes.
37mm 1:43 "O" type train scale.
32mm 1:48 Popular for aeroplane scalling, also used in collector tabletop battle systems.
30mm 1:54 The most popular scale in tabletop wargaming.
28mm 1:58
25mm 1:64
22mm 1:72 Used in plastic historical models: aeroplanes, vehicles, soldiers etc.
21mm 1:76
20mm 1:80 Popular in 20th century historical and sci-fi wargame systems.
18mm 1:87 The most popular "HO" train scale.
16mm 1:100 Most of the time used for board sea vessels models and also for futuristic 'mecha' ( robots ).
15mm 1:107 Popular for tabletop wargames set before 20th c. ( medieval, ancient times etc. ).
10mm 1:160 Realtively new scale introduced to allow for epic battles in any setting..
8mm 1:200 Used mainly in board modelling for rendering huge sea vessels (eg. 20th c. battleships or pre-20th c. frigates etc.).
6mm 1:300

Please do not treat this table as 100% error-proof. I’ve made it from experience and practice. Some scales and dimensions can fall a bit short off the norms. Let’s remember: the 1:xx scale is the ratio of how many times the model is smaller than its realistic counterpart. The millimeter scale used in table-top battle games is the height of the model from its soles to the eye level (any hats, helmets, weapons, banners etc. are not included in this dimension).

I hope that this will be of some help to you in your future adventures in the miniature world.



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